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Sewing Machine Needles Guide

Sewing machine needles have two numbers divided by a slash, e.g. 90/14.
The left number is for the European sizing system, which ranges from 60 to 120. The right number is American sizing system, from 8 to 18

The larger the number, the thicker the needle.

90/14 needles are suitable for medium weight fabrics, e.g. slightly heavier weight cotton, polyester, linen, lightweight upholstery fabric.

It is very useful and could be essential to select the right needle for the right material & the project. e.g. If the needle size does not match with the fabric character it may cause breakage of the needle and effect the sewing quality.

It is recommended that you change your needle after every 3 full bobbins used or every 2 pre-wound bobbins used.

When you start seeing skipping stitches, it may be the time to change the needle too.

Needle Type

Needle Size

Fabric Type

In our website

Universal needles

The most commonly used needles.
Smaller numbers size are finer and mostly used for lightweight fabrics. Larger sizes are used on medium to heavyweight fabrics.
Use a universal needle for sewing with polyester / cotton or silk threads.
70/10 Voile, sheers, delicate silk ORGAN Needles #70/10 (5 pcs.)
80/12 Shirting, poplin, rayon, light wool ORGAN Needles #80/11 (5 pcs.)
90/14 Medium - heavier cotton, polyester, calico, linen 3 pcs.: ORGAN 3 pcs. x Size 14 Needles Mini Pack
5 pcs.: ORGAN General Use Needle #90/14 (5 pcs.)
100/16 Heavy fabric, upholstery, bag making Assorted Set (5 pcs.)
ORGAN Assorted Sewing Machine Needle Set (5 pcs.)

Assorted Set with Jeans & Stretch needles (10 pcs.)
ORGAN Assorted Sewing Machine Needle Combi Set (10pcs.)
110/18 Extra heavy fabric, upholstery
Ball Point needles

Ball point needles have a rounder tip. It pushes the fabric fibres apart rather than cutting through. So it's more ideal for working with most knit fabrics, e.g. rib knits, interlock, cotton knits, fleece, double knit, and it prevents them from running or laddering.
Polyester and polyester / cotton blend threads are best to be used with Ball point needles. Finer needles for finer threads.
70/10 Light knits, tricot n/a
80/12 Interlock, Lacoste ORGAN Ball Point Needles Size 80 (5 pcs.)
90/14 Medium heavy knits, double knit 1 pc.: ORGAN Ball Point Needle (1 pc.)

5pcs.:ORGAN Ball Point Needles Size 90 (5 pcs.)

Needle Type

Needle Size

Fabric Type

In our website

Jersey (Stretch) needles

Jersey needles have ballpoint too.  They push though in-between the yarns of fabric instead of piercing it. This should stop holes or a ladder occurring in the fabric.
70/10 Lighter weight jersey, e.g. t-shirt weight 5 pcs. Mix set:
ORGAN Jersey Needle Mix (5 pcs.)
80/12 Medium weight stretchy fabric e.g. ponte roma ORGAN Jersey Needle Size 80 (5 pcs.)
90/14 Heavy weight sweatshirt fabrics e.g. terry loopback, fleece back ORGAN Jersey Needle Size 90 (5 pcs.)
100/16 Heavier weight sweatshirt fabrics 5 pcs. Mix set:
ORGAN Jersey Needle Mix (5 pcs.)
Super Stretch needles

For sewing on highly elastic, synthetic and knit fabrics.
It is distinguished by its medium ball point, deep scarf and a uniquely shaped eye that holds the thread in position to prevent skipped stitches. The slightly tapered point reduces snags and damage to elastic materials.
75/11
90/14
 Highly elastic, synthetic and knit fabrics ORGAN Super Stretch Needle Set (5 pcs.)
Jeans needles

Jeans needles have a very sharp point and a stronger shank to prevent needle bending or breakage and push through the heavy fabric. The best needles for sewing denim and other densely woven fabrics such as heavy twill, canvas and heavy linens.
90/14 Denim, tightly woven fabrics ORGAN Jeans/Denim Needle Set (5 pcs.)
100/16 Heavy denim, vinyl, furnishings

Needle Type

Needle Size

Fabric Type

In our website

Leather needles

Leather needles have a point that looks like a chisel and it acts like a chisel when in use. It should be used for sewing genuine leather, suede and difficult to sew projects, but should not be used with PU imitation leather, ultra suede or synthetic suede.
90/14 For all leather and suede ORGAN Leather Needle Set (5 pcs.)
100/16 Do not use on synthetic leather
Metallic needles

It have a larger eye than other needles for metallic/coated threads.
The large needle hole allows the thick coated threads e.g. gold thread, silver thread, lame thread, to pass smoothly. Also recommended for stitches using thick yarn.
This needle has a ball point, i.e. not suitable for hard materials like denim and leather.
90/14
100/16
Decorative sewing on various fabrics ORGAN Large Eye Metallic Needle Set (5 pcs.)
Quilting needles

Quilting needles has a reinforced shaft for using with several layers of fabric and wadding. It is shorter in length than the sharps needle to allow quilters to achieve quick and even stitching.
75/11
90/14
Quilts made from cotton, wool or
polyester with wadding centre
ORGAN Quilting Needle Set (5 pcs.)

Needle Type

Needle Size

Fabric Type

In our website

Embroidery needles

Embroidery needles have a wider eye to allow threads such as rayon, polyester or cotton machine embroidery threads to pass freely and easily when embroidering. It  have a pontoon scarf with an oversize bump which reduces the chance of missing stitches happening by reducing the amount of movement in the fabric.
75/11 Decorative sewing on lightweight fabrics

5 pcs. set:
ORGAN Embroidery Needle Set (5 pcs.)

5pcs. Combi box:
ORGAN Embroidery Needle Combi Box (5 pcs.)

90/14 Decorative sewing on heavier fabrics
Twin needles

Twin needles are used for pin tucking and decorative stitches with two threads. It should be used at a reduced speed when sewing.
The 1st part of number indicate size of needle, and 2nd part after "/" is width (mm) between the two needles.
Various Decorative sewing on most fabrics Various ORGAN Twin Needles
Titanium needle

Titanium coated needles or heavy work loads,
lasts much longer than normal needles because they are 4 times stronger than normal needles.
75/11
80/12
90/14
ORGAN Titanium Needle Set (5 pcs.)
134R needles

134R needles are for industrial/commercial sewing machines and don't fit for home sewing machines.
Various ORGAN 134R Industrial Machines Needles